Cashmere is a very fine and precious fiber that is made from the hair of a particular type of goat: capra hircus. The fiber is obtained by manually combing (not shearing) the animals at the beginning of spring. Each adult animal only yields between 100 and 200 grams of fiber per year.
The thinnest and longest, highest quality fibers come from the underbelly of the animal, whereas the fibers from the shoulders and from the back are thicker and coarser, of inferior quality.
As its name implies the cashmere goat is native from the geographic Kashmir region which is politically divided among India, Pakistan and China. Together with Mongolia they are to these days the main cashmere exporting countries, perpetuating the cashmere trade with Europe which began in the early nineteenth century and has flourished ever since.
The hand of the cashmere fibre is soft, silky and velvety, giving a unique sensation of warmth, lightness and warmth. Even a thin layer of cashmere in a mattress has a remarkable effect and greatly improves it quality.